Mussoorie, the queen of the hills, is one of the most popular and fascinating hill resort of northern India. Its green hills and varied fauna and flora make it a colourful and picturesque hill station, commanding a wonderful view of extensive Himalayan snow ranges to the North-East, and Panoramic view of the Doon valley to the south.
The place came to be known as Mussoorie due to unlimited growth of a bush locally known as Mussoorie. The town presents fairyland atmosphere to the tourists. Its history dates back to 1811 when the place was purchased by an European Major Hear sey from the local land lord. Later he sold it to the East India Company in the year 1812. In 1812, the next-door township of landour was made a sanatorium and convalescent depot for troops. In 1827 Captain Young, an adventurous British Army officer, explored the present site and laid the foundation of this holiday resort with the opening of shooting box on Landour hills. In 1832 Col. Averest then Surveyer General of India opened his office in Mussoorie. In 1880, it became the residence of Afghan detenue Yakub Khan, the Ex-Amir of Afghanistan for summer with winter residence in Dehradun. However, later it remained the summer residence of their Royal Highness, the Duke and Duches of Conn aught. Development of Mussoorie started after rail link was established between Haridwar and Dehradun in 1890.
Area: 64.25 Sq. km. Population. 16323 (1981 census). Altitude: 20002400 m.
Temperature: Summer 7.2 C to 31.7 C and Winter 1.0 C to 7.2 C Rainfall. Max in Aug. 764.9 mm to Min in Nov. 5.1 mm
Clothing: Summer-Light Woolen and Winter: Heavy Woolens.
Language spoken: Hindi, English and Garhwali.
Best season to visit: March to July and September to October.
What to see in Mussoorie
Sir George Everest's House:
Municipal Garden (4 kms) :
Camel's Back Road (3 km.) :
Lal Tibba (5 Km) :
Places around Mussoorie
Nag Tibba :
Surkhanda Devi :
How to Reach Mussoorie
Air: Jolly Grant Airport Dehradun is the nearest Airport for reaching Mussoorie (24 kms). Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines operate daily flights to Dehradun from New Delhi
Rail: Nearest Railhead is Dehradun (35 kms) which is directly connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Gorakhpur, Kathgodam, Varanasi, Howrah, Rishikesh and Haridwar. Taxis are available from Dehradun railway station to Mussoorie
Road: Mussoorie is connected by regular bus services to all the major centers of tourist interest in the ren. Direct buses are also available for Mussoorie.